Criticising the Judiciary in the 20th Century: Resistance Against the Power of Law in an International Perspective / Justizkritik und Macht im 20. Jahrhundert: Widerstand gegen die Justiz im internationalen Vergleich
Donnerstag, 9. Juni
15:00 bis 16:30 Uhr
The panel “Criticising the Judiciary in the 20th Century: Resistance Against the Power of Law in an International Perspective” seeks to explore how various actors reacted critically against the judicial system through a variety of practices, organizational forms, and media. The main focus is on the relationship between the power of law and the forms of critique and resistance against it since the closing years of the 19th century. Based on historical examples from different national and international contexts, we would like to discuss and compare how critical campaigns against jurisdiction–defined as counter power, according to Michel Foucault–aimed to put particular regimes and administrations, and even whole forms of government, into question.
The panel’s presentations about various forms of judiciary critique will be guided by two central questions:
1) What was the aim and the motivation of the critique and who was the addressee (jurists, politicians, the public, political movements, writers, and others)?
2) Which concrete practices or strategies were used in order to challenge the power of law? Did these practices change over time? How effective were they?
The panel’s temporal and geographical scope includes processes of juridification connected to the consolidation of nation states since the end of the 19th century, as well as the extension of the field of law through the emergence of legal organizations and transnational expert networks. In particular, the role of media and social movements, as well as that of local resistance groups, will be taken into account.
The investigation of the relationship between judiciary critique and power facilitates conversations and comparisons among a range of research approaches, such as: contemporary history, political history, legal anthropology, gender history, history of knowledge, transnational and global history. The international comparison is central to the panel discussion.